Southern Kaduna is the only Christian enclave in Kaduna state of Nigeria with diverse ethnic groups, which include; Bajju, Ham, Oegworok, Atyap, Gbagyi, Gwong, Ninzom, Ikulu, Takad, Sholio, Adara, Numana, etc. These different ethnic groups have shared culture, history and destiny and are spread across twelve local governments areas, which include: Jemaá, Jaba, Kaura, Kauru, Zango-Kataf, Kagarko, Kachia, Sanga, Kajuru, Chikun, Kaduna-South and Lere.. It is located in the south of Kaduna state between longitude 5° and 7° east which is mainly within the middle-belt region.
Southern Kaduna people are mostly farmers, hunters and traders. The region is a rich savannah with rich trees notably: the shea-butter, locust bean, iroko, silk-cotton, ebony, fig trees, date palm, rubber and mahogany. Crops grown includes varieties of maize, cassava, sorghum, soya beans, ginger, sesame seed, acha, etc. Southern Kaduna is blessed with various solid minerals which are open for exploration, processing and exportation. These minerals include: tin ore, tantalite, talc, Columbite ore of niobium, kaolin, mica, feldspar, aquamarine, retile, iron ore, manganese, zircon, topazi, garnet amethust, emerald, tourmaline, sapphire graphite, cyanide, brick clay, platinum, amber, gold, silver, etc. Building materials like stones, granite, charnockite, gneisses, gabbros- glass-sand and gravel are readily available in that axis.
Southern Kaduna has varieties of traditional festivals: Afan, Ham day, Ikulu day, Bajju day, Batadon day, Sholio day. Tourist attractions include the waterfall at Matsirga popularly known as “River wonderful”, Kagoro Hills, PA Kamrum, Gurara Dam, Saminaka Resort, Kainji Spring, Ndofa Mountains and lots more. Lately however, the people of this area have come under intense persecution from the largely Muslim north; due to political and religious differences. Due to the political structure bequeathed to Northern Nigeria by the British, the northern Christians found themselves at a disadvantage with respect to economic and political opportunities.
These disadvantages has led the southern Kaduna Christians to be heavily dependant on the magnanimity of the Muslim north; and like the biblical Esau, always forfeiting fundamental rights for morsels; including the right to life. Another debilitating factor against the southern Kaduna people is poverty and deprivation which make them easy preys to the more powerful Hausa fulanis. Mentoring is another major problem in southern Kaduna. Southern Kaduna people hope to have their state and that will go a long way in ameliorating the need for basic amenities currently bedeviling the region.